My Airbus A300 type rating

My Airbus A300 type rating
22/01/2017 pilotpatrick
Airbus A300 type rating

In my last blog post, I revealed my new aircraft type I will be flying in the near future. Currently, I am getting trained on a flight simulator of Lufthansa Aviation Training in Berlin. But what does the A300 type rating actually mean? In this blog post, I want to give a more detailed explanation and an insight view of my training.

My career as a first officer started six years ago on the Citation XLS+ business jet. During this period I gained a lot of experiences of operating a jet engine aircraft, I flew to many challenging airports and transported thousands of VIP passengers. In total, I have flown over 2000 hours on this private jet. As I informed you in my blog post “Big changes in 2017” I recently switched my employer. Since the new airline operates a different type of aircraft it was mandatory to undergo a so-called type rating to be able to fly the Airbus A300-600.

Pilot patrick Airbus A300 simulator cockpit lufthansa

Welcome to my new Airbus office (simulator)

My A300 type rating

The theoretical phase of the type rating ended with a skill test about the systems of the aircraft. The entire December I read the manuals of the aircraft and studied with computer-based training (CBT). Do you know what the alpha floor protection means? This protection sets automatically maximum power when reaching a high angle of attack. The angle of attack is the angle between the relative wind direction and the wing chord line. Lift varies with angle of attack. Increasing angle of attack increases the lift coefficient up to the maximum, after which lift coefficient decreases again, leading to a stall condition.

I also had to attend ground courses about the performance of the aircraft. As a pilot, I am required to determine e.g. the take off performance to find out whether the runway is long enough for a certain take off weight and under certain meteorological conditions. Before the simulator training started, I was trained with a mock-up cockpit. This helps to familiarize with the location of the buttons and the operating procedures.

Pilot Patrick Airbus A300 mock-up cockpit

Mock-up cockpit to learn the location of the buttons

Full flight Simulator

I remember playing the Windows flight simulator when I was a kid and now I am flying the most realistic simulator I could imagine. Those full flight simulators (FFS) are built to exactly replicate the respective aircraft type with its performance. All the checking and training take place in those big boxes. This extends the life of the real aircraft and saves fuel, thus protects the environment.

Lufthansa aviation training full flight simulators in Berlin

Full flight simulators with motion systems

From the inside, the simulator looks like the real aircraft cockpit with one additional seat in the back. From this position, the instructor can control the setup of the simulator. The whole simulator is built on a platform which can be moved by a motion system to any realistic attitude. When flying the simulator it is fascinating how real everything feels. From the vision, motion, up the acoustics, everything is build to imitate a real flight.

I was nervous and I was looking forward to my first simulator flight at the same time. The first three sessions consisted of normal operating procedures, after that we were introduced to abnormal procedures. All kinds of scenarios can be trained, which could not be replicated in real flight conditions. In modern flight simulators, up to 500 malfunctions can be programmed in the system, for every malfunction, there is a checklist with a special procedure to cope with the situation.

My training highlights so far:

  • Reverser unlock: flight with one engine and asymmetric drag
  • Both engine flame: Cockpit becomes dark and only standby instruments work
  • Emergency descent: After a decompression of the cabin quick descent wearing oxygen masks
  • Dual hydraulic failure: coping only with one hydraulic system remaining
  • Slats and Flaps stuck: Landing without high lift devices the approach speed needs to be increased by over 110 km/h
  • multiple engine failures: making a safe landing and handling of asymmetric thrust
Pilot Patrick A300 simulator cockpit with oxygen mask

A300 simulator cockpit wearing the quick donning oxygen mask (practicing procedures)

Most of the malfunctions are not independent, which means the cause secondary failures. For example, a problem with the hydraulic system causes the flaps not to be operational and for the approach, the landing gear needs to be extended by gravity with a hand crank.

I have completed session eight and there are five more to come. Every session is basically a check flight, from which I learn. I put a lot of pressure on myself to be successful and not to make any mistakes. But this is almost impossible since you do most of the procedures and abnormals for the very first time. The Airbus is a complex aircraft and I am really impressed how advanced the system are, keeping in mind that the design is from the 1960s. I am not used to flying an aircraft with an auto throttle and an auto flight system with extensive modes. This gave me a hard time at the beginning of the training.

type rating airbus full flight simulator lufthansa pilot patrick

Full flight Simulator A300 (in Schönefeld since 1990)

Practice makes perfect

Flight simulators are the best possible device to train pilots well in a most efficient way. The costs for an A380 simulator are about 1,8 Mio €. That is why the price for a type rating is in a range from 15,000 to 50,000€ depending on the aircraft type. The full flight simulator I am currently training at is almost as old as I am (check my FAQs for my age) and also quite historic. It used to belong to the DDR airline Interflug when Germany was separated between east and west.

I am looking forward to flying the real aircraft soon and I am already excited to let you know how it feels like to control a jet with a maximum takeoff weight of 170,5 tons. Check out my Instagram stories, where I give you an insight view of my training.

What is your favorite Airbus airplane?

Your Pilot Patrick

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  1. Rania 3 years ago

    Hey captain how are you? As always interesting ♥ I loved the oxygen mask

    • Author
      pilotpatrick 3 years ago

      Hey Rania,

      I am great and you? Yes, looks funny! 😉

      Many happy landings


      • Rania 3 years ago

        I am doing well:-) dreaming about your perfect body ♡♡. you were cute model. Beautiful face with wonderful golden hair♡ amazing body ♡ P.S: I loved the …… In the box 😉 you were sexy ♡ I was watching you shacking your phone ♡♡♡ … he he he I still don’t know what does it mean 😉 is it sex song ? Hehehe I was waiting for the invitation :'( oh god I started dreaming again. If they asked me about my wish! I’m going to say : ” I wish I could sleep with captain Patrick ” for one night ♥♥

  2. lukaswritesablog 3 years ago

    Hast du das Type Rating selber bezahlen müssen oder übernimmt das die Airline?

    • Author
      pilotpatrick 3 years ago

      Bist du gut in Englisch? Wenn ja, dann ließ dir mal eine Reihe “How to beame a pilot” durch. Du findest die in dem du oben im Menu und Categories die Artikel aufrufst.

  3. Author
    pilotpatrick 3 years ago

    Hey Aylin,

    thanks a lot! I wish you all the best too! 😉

    Your Pilot Patrick

  4. Author
    pilotpatrick 3 years ago

    Freut mich, wenn ich andere Menschen begeistern kann. 🙂

  5. Nini 3 years ago

    Bin in den letzten Monaten immer mal wieder über dein Instagram Profil und deinen Blog gestolpert – du hast dich wirklich super entwickelt!

    Die Simulatoren faszinieren mich auch jedes Mal aufs neue, man merkt wirklich keinen Unterschied mehr, total verrückt.
    Wünsche dir alles gute, kenne das mit dem Perfektionismus nur zu gut, gerade wenn man etwas mit Begeisterung macht. Aber du machst das schon.

    Alles gute und ich wünsche dir, dass du die Leute weiterhin so begeisterten kannst 🙂

    • Author
      pilotpatrick 3 years ago

      Hallo Nini,

      danke für dein Lob, kostet auch verdammt viel Zeit. Aber es macht mir spaß und ich freue mich, wenn ich Menschen dazu bewegen kann sich ebenfalls für die Luftfahrt, gesunde Ernährung und Sport zu begeistern!

      Ich wünsche dir auch alles Gute und ich freue mich über jeden Besuch von dir auf meinem Blog! 😉

      Dein PilotPatrick

      • Nini 3 years ago

        Man merkt auf jeden Fall, dass du Spaß daran hast und anscheinend steckst du ja wirklich Viele mit deiner Begeisterung an 🙂

        Hast du zufällig ein paar Tipps wo man gesund in Berlin essen gehen kann? Sind im Moment auch im Trainingscenter und deswegen schon den gesamten Januar im Hotel und die Ernährung leidet da echt total drunter.

        Bist du eigentlich auf Snapchat aktiv? Mich kann man immer noch mit jedem Einblick in den SIM total begeistern, bin aber nur selten bei Instagram unterwegs.

        Schönen Abend & wirklich nochmal:
        Du machst das, was du machst echt gut 🙂

        • Author
          pilotpatrick 3 years ago

          Nein, leider nicht mehr so. Seitdem es instastories gibt. Schau mal in meinem Blog unter, dort findest du eine Liste von Restaurants.

  6. Author
    pilotpatrick 3 years ago

    Hey Alisha,

    thanks a lot for your nice words!

    Many happy landings!
    Your PilotPatrick

  7. Arthur Estrada 3 years ago

    I can just imagine how proud your family must be pilot. This is a great accomplishment. I will continue to follow along on your journey, with great enthusiasm. Be blessed, be great.

    • Author
      pilotpatrick 3 years ago

      Hey Arthur,

      thanks for your great support! 😉

      Many happy landings

      Your Pilot Patrick

  8. Alisha 3 years ago

    Hello Sir,

    I am Alisha from Goa India and I am seventeen years old, currently studying in my plus two level, a science student. The pilot uniform is gorgeous and I dream of wearing it every single day. So as I had told you, planes fascinate to since I was a couple of six years old and later as the years passed by my interest in the same grew rapidly and still is. I tried contacting many pilots ( literally nagged ), nobody ever bothered to reply me back due to their busy schedule except for two female pilots with whom I hardly spoke anything. And now I finally found a way to get in touch with you. I had a couple of questions regarding the age n medical requirements. Basically I wanted to know the appropriate age for the enrollment in an aviation school. I first want to become an aeronautical engineering to ensure that I have some degree which could help me as a backup plan if I fail to give my best in the flight school. It is very sad and depressing for me as I wear spectacles and my power is -3.5. I am worried at this very moment. I’d love if you could guide me and answer my questions.

    Thank you

    • Author
      pilotpatrick 3 years ago

      Hey Alisha,

      thanks for your comment! I answered these questions already in my previous articles. I have a series “How to become a pilot”. You can find them in the menu under Categories and then “Become a pilot” too.

      If you have further questions feel free to leave a comment under the relevant article.

      Best wishes

      Your Pilot Patrick

  9. Alisha 3 years ago

    Sir, finally this thing got posted. I am sorry to bother you yesterday on Instagram.

  10. Ayman 3 years ago

    Hi Capt. Patrick

    I am a fellow pilot (FO) on the A300-600 PW , did my training in Bangkok last year, I didn’t know there is a simulator for A306 in Germany! which airline will you work for on a306? XXX?

    • Author
      pilotpatrick 3 years ago

      Hey Ayman,
      yes, of course, there are simulators in Germany for the A300-600. Yes working for them! 😉 No names please! 😉
      Happy landings

      • Ayman 3 years ago

        lol Ok. no names, good luck and I hope to meet you one day in the future

  11. benjamindiewald 3 years ago

    Hey! Oh gott wie peinlich! Jetzt hab ich mich auf FB ja voll plamiert mit meiner super schlauen Frage! Hab mir scheinbar durch Insta was falsches zusammengereimt! Also vielen Dank für die Aufklärung und den Hinweis mit dem Blog nochmal 🙂

    • Author
      pilotpatrick 3 years ago

      Hey Benjamin,

      kein Problem! Hoffe mein Blog bringt Licht ins Dunkel. Wenn nicht einfach fragen!

      Beste Grüße



  1. […] my last blog post “My type rating“, I gave you an insight view of my training at Lufthansa Aviation Training. The last three […]

  2. […] This was a fixed based version and not like the full flight simulator you got to know during my type rating on the […]

  3. […] idea behind this was to show my practical flying skills. Everything went well in order to begin my type rating on the Citation XLS in the beginning of July 2010. The only down point was that I had to fund my […]

  4. […] may wonder why I am already on vacation when I just completed my type rating on the Airbus A300-600 with a new company. Last Saturday I finished the initial training so I could […]

  5. […] a big and fast aircraft even though it was only the simulator at the stage. In my blog post “My Airbus A300 type rating” I already described how realistic the full flight simulators of Lufthansa Aviation Training […]

  6. […] agin. The new employer grants me to live outside Germany as well, but since the extensive type rating on the A300-600 took place in Berlin, I decided to move back. About my time in Barcelona I wrote a blog […]

  7. […] A300-600. The aircraft is complex with its numerous systems. An extensive training including a type rating is necessary to be able to fly the aircraft. The airline puts a lot of emphasis on well-trained […]

  8. […] when learning a new aircraft type at the beginning of this year. I was busy several months with training in the simulator. This was a great occasion to improve my skills and […]

  9. […] all aircraft type as long as I am specially trained for the specific type. This training is called type rating and takes place in a full flight simulator and can cost about to 60,000€. The first type rating I […]

  10. […] am still flying the old lady, the A300. I applied as Captain this year, my application was accepted and I had the chance to attend an […]

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